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Hyper fiber skin: the understanding of pigskin
From: Dongguan zhbong Super Fiber Co., Ltd. Post date: 2017-12-13


皮有许多种,按种类分,可分为:真皮,超纤皮,环保皮,西皮,仿皮

 

仿皮其实就是

PVC

塑料,

只是表面做成皮纹而已!

仿皮的好坏由厚度决定,

国标规定:

0

65MM--0

75MM

。一般的仿皮厚

0

7MM

,有厚

1

0MM

1

2MM

1

5MM

2

0MM

的,仿皮越厚越好!仿皮的颜色很重要,必须与真皮同色或接近,如相差比较大,会严重影

响家具的质量!仿皮有天那水的味道。

 

西皮是一种人造皮,主要由

PVC

制成,厚

1

0MM

以上。

 

环保皮是新型的人造皮,手感很软,皮纹与真皮相似。

 

超纤皮是最好的人造皮,

皮纹与真皮十分相似,

手感有点偏硬,

外人很难分辨是真皮还是

再生皮。超纤皮,全称为超细纤维仿真沙发革,也叫再生皮,

属于合成革中的一种新研制开

发的高档皮革,不是真皮。因其具有耐磨、耐寒、透气、耐老化、质地柔软以及外观漂亮等

优点,

已成为代替天然皮革的理想选择。

天然真皮是由许多粗细不等的胶原纤维

编织

而成,

分粒面层和网状层两层,

粒面层由极细的胶原纤维织而成,

网状由较粗的胶原纤维编织而成。

 

而超纤皮表面层是采用与天然真皮粒面层结构相近的聚胺酯层组成,

底基层是采用超细纤维

无纺布,

其结构和天然真皮的网状层极其相似,

因而超纤皮与天然真皮有极其相似的结构与

性能。

 

和天然真皮相比,超纤皮主要有以下特点:

 

1.

耐折牢度可以和天然皮革相媲美。常温弯曲达到

20

万次无裂纹低温(

-20

℃)弯曲

3

万次

无裂纹(耐温性、机械性好)

 

2.

伸长率适中(皮感好

)

 

3.

撕裂强度和剥离强度较高(耐磨性、撕裂力、拉力强度高)

 

4.

从生产到使用不会有任何污染,环保性能优越。

 

超纤皮的外观效果最像真皮,

其产品的厚薄均匀性、

撕裂强度、

色彩鲜艳度及革面利用率等

方面还优于天然皮革,

已经成为当代合成革的发展方向。

超纤皮表面如有脏污,

可用高标号

汽油或清水擦洗,

切不可用其它有机溶剂或带有碱性的物质擦洗,

以防质量受损。

超纤皮使

用条件:热定型温度

100

℃时不超过

25

分钟,

120

℃时不超过

10

分钟,

130

℃时不超过

5

 

真皮一般有三种:羊皮,猪皮,牛皮

 

羊皮:皮张较小,皮面较细,纹路有规律,手感柔韧,但由于加工面料适应往往需要拼接,

影响美观。

 

猪皮:毛孔呈品字形三角排列,皮质疏松,皮质粗糙,光泽度差,不适宜做沙发

 

牛皮:光洁细腻,纹理清晰,色泽柔和,薄厚均匀,皮张较大,牛皮毛孔细而密,呈不规则

排列,适宜做沙发面料。皮质按产地分,有进口皮、国产皮之分。

 

牛皮分为进口皮,国产皮两大类,进口皮以意大利居多,国产皮以四川皮、河北皮为主;好

的皮手感细腻,韧性好,厚度大,弹性佳,耐磨

 

进口皮与国产皮主要是由于加工工艺不同,

进口皮在加工时加入的化学药剂较之国内少,

而皮表仍然能清晰地看到细密的毛孔,

真实感、

透气性和触感俱佳。

进口皮按加工工艺分可

分为全青皮、半青皮和压花皮,油皮。

1. The porcine surface

Ordinary pig is smooth after different surface processing in pigskin tanning process, the first is on the surface of the skin paste to color, ordinary pig smooth glossy surface, pores are arranged in the general rules, three pores for a set of triangular shape, according to different regions and different pig leather making process smooth in quality there is also the difference between, do not make a detailed, smooth grain pig good quality is fine, soft. Due to the continuous improvement of the leather process, the pig's glossy surface can now be processed into many different varieties of skin.
Ordinary pig is smooth after different surface processing in pigskin tanning process, the first is on the surface of the skin paste to color, ordinary pig smooth glossy surface, pores are arranged in the general rules, three pores for a set of triangular shape, according to different regions and different pig leather making process smooth in quality there is also the difference between, do not make a detailed, smooth grain pig good quality is fine, soft. Due to the continuous improvement of the leather process, the pig's glossy surface can now be processed into many different varieties of skin.

Imitation of the old effect, the old effect is mainly not glossy, some of the old skin can also have some dark patterns.

Compression effect, the effect of compression is on the surface of the skin pressure bar, blood rib and so on;
 
The effect of litchi stripe, this effect is sometimes a bit like the coarse grained skin of the skin, but it is essentially different from the cowhide. The characteristics of litchi grain is slightly thick and smooth than ordinary rough grain.

The effect of light coating is that the surface of this kind of leather is not directly coated with different colors, but its gloss is slightly darker than that of ordinary gloss. This leather feels better than ordinary smooth skin, and leather handles are drooping on the hands. For the first time, when I saw a lot of porcine fur in the room, I wondered why there was a colorful pig in the world. It was later learned that the pigskin was colored.

The washing effect, the light surface coating of the water washing effect is also thin, and the difference is not very big with the ordinary light surface, and the difference is softer than the ordinary light face. If you are unfortunate, your bag is dirty, and you can wash the stains on the bag directly with water.

Wipe the leather. The color of the surface and floor is different. After making the finished product, you can wipe it on the surface with sandpaper or other raw materials, and make your bag become another fashionable style.