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How can the wear resistance of leather interior materials be detected?
From: Dongguan zhbong Super Fiber Co., Ltd. Post date: 2017-12-13


For the leather wear resistance test method for vehicle, Wenzhou hundred engineers think, STROLL method, TABER method and abrasion wear resistance method can be applied to Martin Dyer.
     1, TABER wear resistance method
     The US standard ASTM D 3884-2009 "Standard test method for abrasion resistance of textile fabrics (of)" stipulates the abrasion resistance method. The test principle of TABER wear resistance method is as follows: the test sample is placed on a rotating platform, and the two rolling friction wheels above it are rotated and rubbed with the sample under certain load to wear the sample. One friction wheel faces the outside, and the other friction wheel faces the internal friction specimen, forming a ring shaped wear mark. After the specified number of friction times, the wear degree of the specimen is evaluated by the appearance.
       Operation process: the sample is fixed upwards on the rotating platform, and the selected grinding wheel is installed on the supporting bar. After choosing the appropriate load, the support press rod is put down to contact the surface of the sample and connect and open the suction device. Start the instrument and test it according to the number of rotations set by the counter. After the test is finished, the samples are removed, the wear condition of the samples is checked and recorded, and the GB/T 250-2008 "grey card" is used to assess the color fastness of the samples.

2, Martin Dyer wear resistance method

Martin Dyer method is often used for textile wear abrasion and pilling evaluation, China national standard GB/T3903.16-2008 "footwear uppers, lining and pad test method for abrasion resistance of" set test method using the Martin Dyer method to test the upper, but also suitable for the automotive leather wear performance test.
       The Martin Dyer wear-resistant method was used to friction the sample with the standard friction fabric under constant pressure. The relative motion of the Li Sharu figure between the friction fabric and the specimen produces friction in all directions. After completing the prescribed friction times, the damage degree of the specimen is evaluated.

3, STROLL wear resistance method
     According to ASTM D 3886-1999 "Standard testmethod for abrasion resistance of textile fabrics"
(Inflated Diaphragm apparatus), the test principle of STROLL wear resistance method is to place the test sample on the inflatable rubber diaphragm with constant pressure, and use the sandpaper with the specified surface characteristics to rub the sample. After the specified number of friction times, the wear degree of the specimen is evaluated by the appearance.
     Operation procedure: put the sample on the rubber membrane on the flat level, then put the sandpaper on the abrasive plate, and make the contact between the sand paper and the sandpaper surface neat. Then apply the pressure of 28 kPa below the diaphragm, apply the pressure of 454 G above the abrasive plate, and ensure the air pressure control and the contact between the inflated sample and the loaded sandpaper is in a stable and balanced state. Start the instrument and test it according to the number of rotations set by the counter. After the test is finished, the samples are removed, the wear condition of the samples is checked and recorded, and the color changes in the test area are evaluated by grey card and GB/T 250-2008, textile color fastness test, assessment of discoloration and grey card.
      When operating in a sample back flat pad thickness (3 + 1) mm, density (30 + 3) kg/m3 polyurethane foam, and the clamping ring sample was fixed in the head, and then placed into the grinding table table felt, then the friction fabric placed on the table and felt. To produce (2 + 0.2) kPa on the heavy pressure of friction on the fabric, the fabric fixed friction. At last, the grinding head is installed on the wear-resistant test machine, and the pressure of (12 + 0.2) kPa is applied to the grinding head, and the instrument is started, and the rotation times set by the counter are tested. After the test is finished, the samples are removed, the wear condition of the samples is checked and recorded, and the color changes in the test area are evaluated by grey card and GB/T 250-2008, textile color fastness test, assessment of discoloration and grey card.